A collective agreement negotiated by a trade union grants you benefits far in excess of the Employment Contracts Act There are provisions that are stipulated in collective agreements and are not governed by legislation. These issues are, for example, travel expenses, vacation pay, additional days of leave (called “pekkasvapaat”) or sickness or maternity benefits. Collective agreements also include decisions on working time and overtime pay. Trade Union Pro`s collective agreements include, for example, agreements on job difference, travel allowance, sickness benefits, maternity benefits, leave allowances and on-call allowances. A unilateral modification of a mandatory bargaining object in the face of an impasse is generally an unfair labour practice, even if staff may consider the modification to be beneficial. According to the Supreme Court, unilateral amendments minimize the influence of collective bargaining by giving workers the impression that a union is not necessary to reach an agreement with the employer. For example, nlRB v. Katz, 369 U.P. 736, 82 p.
Ct. 1107, 8 L. Ed. 2d 230 (1962), the employer unilaterally changed its sick leave policy and increased its rates of pay without first negotiating with the union. The court found that the employer`s unilateral amendment undermines the union`s ability to negotiate sick leave, wages and other terms and conditions of employment. A collective agreement is the primary objective of the collective bargaining process. As a general rule, the agreement sets out wages, hours, promotions, social benefits and other conditions of employment, as well as procedures for dealing with disputes arising therefrom. Since the collective agreement cannot deal with all the business problems that may arise in the future, unwritten practices and practices, external law and informal agreements are as important to the collective agreement as the written instrument itself.
When you start your new job, always check which collective agreement follows your job. Information on the benefits and rights guaranteed by the collective agreement is often valuable. State labour protection may also affect the pace at which integration can be achieved after integration. . . .