U.S. trade with China is part of a complex economic relationship. In 1979, the United States and China re-established diplomatic relations and a bilateral trade agreement was signed. This gave the beginning for rapid growth in trade between the two nations: from $4 billion (exports and imports) this year to more than $600 billion in 2017. Until February 2019, China was the largest trading partner of the United States and currently ranks third behind Canada and Mexico, while it remains the largest source of imports. Over the decades, Chinese exports to the United States have shifted from low-value, labour-intensive products to capital-intensive goods. It is now one of the leading suppliers of advanced technology products in the United States and the global supply chains in which China and the United States are involved are complex. In addition, China is the largest holder of U.S. Treasury bonds. This complementarity ensures that both countries have “comparative advantages” – both countries benefit from trade.
This situation should facilitate the deepening of bilateral economic and trade cooperation. U.S. investment in China continued to grow, along with the rapid growth in bilateral trade. Between 1980 and the end of June 2011, U.S. companies invested $66.9 billion in the Chinese market and helped create 60,000 companies in China. As the 2011 Business Environment Survey on U.S. Trade in China showed, 85% of U.S. companies made profits in 2010. The North Korean People`s Army, backed by the Soviet Union, invaded South Korea on June 25. The United Nations and the United States are rushing to defend South Korea. China, in support of the Communist North, returns the favor when American, UN and South Korean troops approach the Chinese border.
Up to four million people died in the three-year conflict until the United Nations, China and North Korea signed a ceasefire agreement in 1953 [PDF]. The Trump administration imposes new tariffs on a total of $34 billion in Chinese goods. More than eight hundred Chinese products in industry and transport, as well as products such as television and medical devices, should expect an import tax of 25%. China returns the favor with its own tariffs on more than five hundred U.S. products. The retaliatory measures, worth approximately $34 billion, target raw materials such as beef, dairy products, seafood and soybeans. President Trump and members of his administration believe that China “scams” the United States and exploits free trade rules at the expense of American companies operating in China. Beijing criticizes the Trump administration`s actions as “commercial harassment” and warns that tariffs could cause global market turmoil.
In an essay on foreign policy, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton describes a U.S. secretary of state.