“This agreement will focus on democracy, the economy and livelihoods. We will end the wars in Sudan, and that will mean regional and international peace. On 12 November, Mr. Ahlam Nasir, on behalf of the women of Sudanese political and political groups (MANSAM), met with Mohammed al-Ta`ishi, a member of the Sovereignty Council, and argued that women should be involved in peace negotiations. Nasir presented concrete proposals for women`s participation in the negotiations and MANSAM`s priorities in the peace process.  According to Neville Melvin Gertze of Namibia, speaking at a UN Security Council meeting in October 2019, peace agreements that are the result of negotiations, including women, are 35% more likely to last at least 15 years than those that are the result of negotiations solely for men.  A comprehensive peace agreement was signed on 31 August 2020 between the Sovereignty Council and the SRF, including SPLM-N (Minnawi) and JEM for the Darfur line and SPLM-N (Agar) for the two-zone line.   In accordance with the agreement, the signatory political groups are entitled to three seats on the Sovereignty Council, five ministers in the transitional cabinet and a quarter of the seats in the transitional government. At the regional level, signatories are entitled to 30-40% of the seats in temporary parliaments in their home country or region.  The peace agreement signed last week by Sudan finally promises to end the devastating wars in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile, which have claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of people, but as Alex de Waal and Edward Thomas explain, it comes at a huge price. Regardless of 18 October, the first darfur-road meeting between representatives of the RSF and the Sovereignty Council took place under South Sudanese mediation and established a joint committee. The Joint Committee has indicated its intention to review the Juba Declaration of 11 September and to propose how to move from confidence-building measures to negotiations on key issues.
 On 21 October, el-Hadi Idris, on behalf of the SRF and Hemetti, signed a political agreement (signed jointly by a South Sudanese mediator) on behalf of the Sovereignty Council, which includes a renewed ceasefire, the delivery of humanitarian aid by government authorities to conflict zones and the commitment to continue negotiations.  A peace agreement between the SRF, SPLM-N led by Malik Agar and THE MLS under Minni Minnawi and the Sudanese government was signed with the absence of al Nur and al-Hilu.  However, the agreement contained conditions for the rebels to integrate into the security forces and to grant them political representation, economic and land rights, in addition to a 10-year plan to invest $750 million in the development of the southern and western regions and to ensure the return of displaced persons.  In mid-September, a first round of negotiations took place in Juba.   In the second round, in October 2019, agreements on the two-zone line between the government and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement (al-Hilu) (SPLM-N (al-Hilu) were signed on 18 October 2019 and on the Darfur line between the government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF).  The third round began in mid-December on the South Sudan line, the two-zone line with SPLM-N (Agar) and the Darfur Highway.  A final agreement on the East Line was reached on 21 February 2020.